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Syntax

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For the syntax of human languages, see Wikipedia:Syntax.

The syntax of Hvetshrenu, the Hvetshran language, are the rules for composing a grammatical unit in this language. The composition of sentences and appointment of the function of words is done mostly by a combination of word order and gesture.

Function in sentenceEdit

The function in a sentence is usually clear by the position the word is in the sentence. However, as the words can change order to put more stress on one word especially, a gesture or body language can here express what some human languages (Latin, ...) would express through cases. Sometimes, a subject-indicator and object-indicator have different words in Hvetshrenu (kur).

SubjectEdit

The subject of a sentence is indicated by tilting the head backwards and somewhat at the side (left/right). This is especially the case when the subject has not been put in its usual place. When the subject is in its usual place, this gesture might be omitted.

Direct objectEdit

The direct object of a sentence is indicated by tilting the head sidewards (left/right) and somewhat forward. Just like with the subject, this is especially the case when the object has not been put in its usual place. When the object is in its usual place, this gesture might be omitted.

Direct object is a rather wide term in Hvetshrenu, as it may also indicate a locative object or may sometimes be translated to English with prepositions.

Indirect objectEdit

The indirect object of a sentence is indicated by bowing the head (tilting it forward). Just like with the subject, this is especially the case when the object has not been put in its usual place. This gesture is seldom or never omitted, even when the object is in its appropriate place.

Sentence typeEdit

Declarative sentenceEdit

A declarative sentence starts with the main or meaning-bearing verb, followed by the subject.

Imperative sentenceEdit

Imperative sentences start with the subject/addressee, then to continue with the main or meaning-bearing verb. 

Exclamatory sentenceEdit

...

Interrogative sentenceEdit

The question word is always put at the end of a sentence. If the sentence has no question word, the sentence ends in 'yen' with a rising intonation. A question ending in 'yen', will (most likely) have an answer that starts with 'ce' (yes) or 'ra' (no).

Sentence complexityEdit

Simple and compound sentenceEdit

A simple sentence exists of just a main or independent clause. They stand on their own and can be categorized under one of the four sentence types. For compound sentences, Hvetshrenu does not really make a distinction as it is not a written language. The second half of a compound sentence may therefore just be regarded a simple sentence that starts with a conjunction.

Complex sentenceEdit

A complex sentences exists of more than one clause, and at least one clause is dependent on another.

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